Note: This article is missing Hebrew lettering that has been replaced with English lettering, we will fix A.S.A.P.
Each year Yom Kipper night before Kol Nidrei in many shuls, including ours, we ask forgiveness from each letter of Hashem’s name. Many people don’t understand the significance of each letter and think it is some secret prayer for forgiveness. The following is a little better understanding of what we are saying.
Kabbalah teaches us about the correspondence between the divine structure of Adom ha’Kadmon and the the tetragrammaton (greek –Τετραγράμματον) meaning [consisting of] four letters, which is Hashem’s name. We know that Adom ha’Kadmon is possessing four diminutions of anatomical features of the head, which are the following: EYES, EARS, NOSE and MOUTH. Each of these correspond to the various letters in Hashem’s name – Havayah.
The tetragrammaton, (Hashem’s name) can be constructed in four basic forms. These are known as the names “Seventy-two”, “Sixty-three”, “Forty-five” and “Fifty-two” and are based on the gematria (numerical value) of the different milluim (spelling) of the letters that make up Hashem’s name.
The name “Seventy-two” are expressed with the y Millui de-YUDIN where the letter “Yud” is used to spell the last 3 parts of has Hashem’s name as follows:
doy ” yh ” oyo ” yh (I am spelling it backwards on purpose) 20+15+22+15 = 72
The name “Sixtey-three ” are expressed with the y Millui de- YUDIN with an ALEF in the “Vov” and is written as follows: doy ” yh ” oao ” yh (I am spelling it backwards on purpose) 20+15+13+15 = 63
The name “Forty-five ” are expressed with the a Millui de-ALFIN where the letter “Alef” is used to spell the last 3 parts of has Hashem’s name as follows: doy ” ah ” oao ” ah 20+6+13+6 = 45
The name “Fifty-two ” are expressed with the h Millui de-HEIN where the letter “Heh” are written with a double HEH ( hh ))) and is written as follows: doy ” ]hh ” oo ” hh 20+10+12+10 = 52
In addition to representing one of the partsufim ( Divine face), each of these names correspond to one of the simple four letters of “Havayah“. The letters refer to one of the four worlds starting from highest to lowest. The eye is the highest part of the face and it corresponds to the highest world of Atsilus, and the highest partsuf Abba. The Partsufim are “pairs” Abba and Imma are higher than
Ze’ir and Nukba. To sum up the anatomy of Adom ha’Kadmom, this chart that puts it all together.
Partsuf Name Letter World
EYE Abba 72 Yud Atsilus
EAR Imma 63 Heh Beriah
NOSE Ze’ir 45 Vav Yetzirah
MOUTH Nukba 52 Heh Assiyah
When you ask “micheilla” (repentance) of each letter of Hashem’s name – think of, if you have possibility C’V maybe poygim (transgressed) anything that is associated with that part of Hashem’s name, you ask “slicha” and “michella” and a complete forgiveness.
Wishing everyone a complete forgiveness and a Shana Tova U’misekuh. Next year in Yerusalem !
The Tetragrammaton (PDF)